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by Jiří {x2} Činčura

BuildNotContainsExpression

19 Apr 2009 Entity Framework, LINQ

Colin Meek wrote extremely handy method for using it as Contains method we know it’s on collections, but not supported in Entity Framework right now (v1/EF3.5). The method is called BuildContainsExpression. Today in MSDN forums I needed this, but negated. Thus I wrote the BuildNotContainsExpression. It’s just small change of original Colin’s method.

static Expression<Func<TElement, bool>> BuildNotContainsExpression<TElement, TValue>(Expression<Func<TElement, TValue>> valueSelector, IEnumerable<TValue> values)
{
    if (null == valueSelector) { throw new ArgumentNullException("valueSelector"); }
    if (null == values) { throw new ArgumentNullException("values"); }
    ParameterExpression p = valueSelector.Parameters.Single();
    // p => valueSelector(p) != values[0] && valueSelector(p) != ...
    if (!values.Any())
    {
        return e => true;
    }
    var equals = values.Select(value => (Expression)Expression.NotEqual(valueSelector.Body, Expression.Constant(value, typeof(TValue))));
    var body = equals.Aggregate<Expression>((accumulate, equal) => Expression.And(accumulate, equal));
    return Expression.Lambda<Func<TElement, bool>>(body, p);
}

Profile Picture Jiří Činčura is an independent developer focusing on data and business layers, language constructs, parallelism and databases. Specifically Entity Framework, asynchronous and parallel programming, cloud and Azure. He's Microsoft Most Valuable Professional and you can read his articles, guides, tips and tricks at www.tabsoverspaces.com.