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by Jiří {x2} Činčura

Batch converting Excel files to PDF

13 Oct 2016 JavaScript, MS Office, PowerShell, Windows, Windows Scripting Host

I have – or rather I’ve had – bunch of Excel files and I needed these in PDF. If I would be just five or so of these I would do it manually in Excel. But there was bit over 200 files. Doable but not fun.

So I started scripting. Some quick search on the internet brought some examples using Word in WSH. With that in my hands it was just a matter of firing Excel.Application ActiveX and going though the documentation gluing it together. I’ve spent few minutes looking for proper file type for SaveAs method, finding eventually the PDF (xlTypePDF) is 57.

Here’s the result.

var fso = new ActiveXObject('Scripting.FileSystemObject');
var filePath = fso.GetAbsolutePathName(WScript.Arguments(0));
var pdfPath = filePath.replace(/\.xlsx$/i, '.pdf');

var objExcel = null;
try {
	objExcel = new ActiveXObject('Excel.Application');
	objExcel.Visible = false;
	var objWorkbook = objExcel.Workbooks.Open(filePath);
	WScript.Echo('  saving');
	var xlTypePDF = 57;
	objWorkbook.SaveAs(pdfPath, xlTypePDF);
	WScript.Echo('  done');
finally {
	if (objExcel != null) {

Nothing special. Just call it cscript.exe xlsx2pdf.js <filename> (where xlsx2pdf.js is the script from above) and that’s it. Doing the batch with PowerShell was piece of cake.

gci -Recurse -Filter *.xlsx | %{ cscript.exe xlsx2pdf.js $_.FullName }

Minute or two later it finished. Enjoy (as much as I did).

Profile Picture Jiří Činčura is an independent developer focusing on data and business layers, language constructs, parallelism and databases. Specifically Entity Framework, asynchronous and parallel programming, cloud and Azure. He's Microsoft Most Valuable Professional and you can read his articles, guides, tips and tricks at